Visceral Leishmaniasis with Breast Involvement in the Pediatric Population

Main Article Content

Saeed Al Hindi
Husain Al Aradi
Noor Al Hashimi
Mohamed Mubarak


Aims: The aim of the paper is to acknowledge the atypical presentation of Visceral Leishmaniasis (VL) and subsequently tailor the management based on the patient’s characteristics and clinical context, while comparing it to standard practice.

Case Presentation: We report a case of VL in a nine-year old Bahraini girl, presenting with a painful breast cyst. Ultrasound guided fine need aspiration of the cysts revealed the leishmania amastigotes. The patient was treated with complete cyst aspiration and received no further treatment. The patient did well, with no signs of recurrence or disease in the follow-up period.

Discussion: The diagnostic gold standard of VL is direct visualization of the protozoans in specimens acquired from tissue biopsies or aspirations, as is the case with our patient. The first line treatment for VL is intravenous pentavalent antimonials, such as as meglumine antimoniate. However, due to the immunocompetent state of our patient and the asymptomatic presentation, the only treatment was therapeutic aspiration of the cyst.

Conclusion: Ultrasound guided aspiration of the cyst, with regular follow up with breast ultrasound, proved to be an effective method of managing visceral leishmaniasis in our patient.

Atypical presentation, benign breast mass, parasitic infection, therapeutic aspiration.

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How to Cite
Al Hindi, S., Al Aradi, H., Al Hashimi, N., & Mubarak, M. (2020). Visceral Leishmaniasis with Breast Involvement in the Pediatric Population. Asian Journal of Case Reports in Surgery, 3(2), 16-20. Retrieved from
Case Report


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