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The most common cardiac injury following trauma is myocardial contusions. Traumatic valve injury is a rare clinical condition and most commonly involves the aortic valve, with isolated mitral valve injury being scarce. We herein describe the clinical, para clinical and surgical characteristics of a 27-year-old male patient who suffered from an acute mitral valve regurgitation after blunt chest trauma during a traffic accident with an oriented review of the literature. The patient was successfully treated by urgent mitral valve replacement and postoperative V-A mode extracorporeal membrane oxygenation ECMO support that turned out necessary in the postoperative period.
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